The Shanghai International Settlement and the French Concession were subsequently established. 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In the 1930s, some 30,000 Ashkenazi Jewish refugees from Europe arrived in the city. The port is connected with the mainland through the 32-kilometer (20 mi) long Donghai Bridge. As of April 2020[update], Shanghai is twinned with the following regions, cities, and counties:, As of September 2020, Shanghai hosts 71 consulates general and 5 consulates, excluding Hong Kong and Macao trade office..  It is also a major center of higher education in China. Shanghai's film industry grew during the early 1930s, generating stars such as Hu Die, Ruan Lingyu, Zhou Xuan, Jin Yan, and Zhao Dan. Featuring several architecture styles such as Art Deco and shikumen, the city is renowned for its Lujiazui skyline, museums and historic buildings—including the City God Temple, Yu Garden, the China Pavilion and buildings along the Bund. In 2011, Luwan District merged with Huangpu District. Danielson, Eric N., Shanghai and the Yangtze Delta, 2004, pp.10–11. Shanghai, the mainland’s commercial and financial capital, riding high on the success of Tesla’s Gigafactory 3, is on the lookout for more foreign direct investment (FDI) projects to achieve ambitious growth and employment targets the city has set this year.  The municipality's northernmost point is on Chongming Island, which is the second-largest island in mainland China after its expansion during the 20th century. Shanghai is home to China's largest steelmaker Baosteel Group, China's largest shipbuilding base Hudong-Zhonghua Shipbuilding Group, and one of China's oldest shipbuilders, the Jiangnan Shipyard. More than 10,000 shops and hundreds of factories and public buildings were destroyed, leaving Zhabei district ruined. Singapore experiences no distinct seasons, the way visitors from temperate regions understand them.  There are also numerous municipal expressways prefixed with the letter S. As of 2019, Shanghai has a total of 12 bridges and 14 tunnels crossing the Huangpu River. , The Chinese-held Old City of Shanghai fell to rebels from the Small Swords Society in 1853, but was recovered by the Qing government in February 1855. The ventilated atriums it encloses conserve energy by modulating the temperature within the void. Two HSRs are under construction: Shanghai–Nantong railway and Shanghai–Suzhou–Huzhou HSR [zh].  As of October 2019[update], the city's National College Entrance Examination (Gaokao) is structured under the "3+3" system, in which all general senior high school students study three compulsory subjects (Chinese, English, and math) and three subjects chosen from six options (physics, chemistry, biology, history, geography, and politics).  Auto manufacturing is another important industry. In Shanghai, the nine years of compulsory education—including five years of primary education and four years of junior secondary education—are free, with a gross enrollment ratio of over 99.9%. Signature dishes of Benbang cuisine include Xiaolongbao, Red braised pork belly, and Shanghai hairy crab. Shanghai—Lujiazui in particular—has numerous skyscrapers, making it the fifth city in the world with the most skyscrapers. , Due to its cosmopolitan history, Shanghai has a blend of religious heritage; religious buildings and institutions are scattered around the city.  A number of China's most prestigious universities entering the global university rankings are based in Shanghai, including Fudan University, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Tongji University, East China Normal University, Shanghai University, East China University of Science and Technology, Donghua University, Shanghai University of Finance and Economics, and Shanghai International Studies University.  The consecutive three-year senior secondary education is priced and uses the Senior High School Entrance Examination (Zhongkao) as a selection process, with a gross enrollment ratio of 98%. "The West Bank", or "West of the River Pu"), the older part of urban Shanghai on the west bank of the Huangpu River.  Shanghai Botanical Garden is located 12 km (7 mi) southwest of the city center and was established in 1978. Around the same time, a Shanghai-style Beijing Opera was formed. , Shanghai also has four commuter railways: Pudong railway and Jinshan Railway operated by China Railway, and Line 16 and Line 17 operated by Shanghai Metro.  The Apostolic Vicariate of Shanghai was erected in 1933, and was further elevated to the Diocese of Shanghai in 1946. , As of 2019[update], a total of 40,000 taxis were in operation in Shanghai. An example of Soviet neoclassical architecture in Shanghai is the modern-day Shanghai Exhibition Center..  Completed in 2015, the tower takes the form of nine twisted sections stacked atop each other, totaling 128 floors. Other notable parks in Shanghai include Lu Xun Park, Century Park, Gucun Park [zh], Gongqing Forest Park, and Jing'an Park.  Zeng Qinghong, a former deputy party secretary of Shanghai, also rose to the Politburo Standing Committee and became the Vice President and an influential power broker. The city then flourished, becoming a primary commercial and financial hub of the Asia-Pacific region in the 1930s. The race is staged annually at the Shanghai International Circuit. The culture of Shanghai was formed by a combination of the nearby Wuyue culture and the "East Meets West" Haipai culture. Shanghai is a global center for finance, research, technology, manufacturing, and transportation, and the Port of Shanghai is the world's busiest container port. Some foreign embassies, consulates, and international organizations may give several days off for Christmas. The main venue is in Fuxing Park, and the opening and closing ceremonies are held in the Shanghai Fashion Center.  The historic center of the city was located on the west bank of the Huangpu (Puxi), near the mouth of Suzhou Creek, connecting it with Lake Tai and the Grand Canal. Weather for the week in Shanghai, China. , Two important events helped promote Shanghai's developments in the Ming dynasty. At the time, most of the city's residents were immigrants from the two adjacent provinces, Jiangsu and Zhejiang, so Shanghainese was mostly a hybrid between Southern Jiangsu and Ningbo dialects. , As of 2019[update], Shanghai had a total population of 24,281,400, including 14,504,300 (59.7%) hukou holders (registered locally). The city has several major institutes of theater training, including the Shanghai Conservatory of Music, the Shanghai Dramatic Arts Centre, the Shanghai Opera House, and the Shanghai Theatre Academy. Shanghai is certainly not the largest city in China for its geographical area, but ranks China’s largest city in terms of the population. According to a 2012 survey, only 13.1% of the city's population belongs to organized religions, including Buddhists with 10.4%, Protestants with 1.9%, Catholics with 0.7%, and other faiths with 0.1% while the remaining 86.9% of the population could be either atheists or involved in worship of nature deities and ancestors or folk religious sects.  and Shanghai Port FC.  On 6 December 2013, levels of PM2.5 particulate matter in Shanghai rose above 600 micrograms per cubic meter and in the surrounding area, above 700 micrograms per cubic metre.  Skyscrapers outside of Lujiazui include the White Magnolia Plaza in Hongkou, the Shimao International Plaza in Huangpu, and the Shanghai Wheelock Square in Jing'an.  As such, Shanghai has several museums of regional and national importance.  As of 2019[update], the Shanghai Stock Exchange had a market capitalization of US$4.02 trillion, making it the largest stock exchange in China and the fourth-largest stock exchange in the world. On 1 July 2019, Shanghai adopted a new garbage-classification system that sorts out waste into residual waste, kitchen waste, recyclable waste, and hazardous waste.  Bus fares generally cost CN¥2 (US$0.32). On average, 8.7 days exceed 35 °C (95 °F) annually.  The city also has many art galleries, many of which are located in the M50 Art District and Tianzifang.  The culture fuses elements of Western cultures with the local Wuyue culture, and its influence extends to the city's literature, fashion, architecture, music, and cuisine.  In 1914, the Old City walls were dismantled because they blocked the city's expansion.  A small troupe from Shengxian (now Shengzhou) also began to promote Yue opera on the Shanghainese stage.  Shanghai's six largest industries—retail, finance, IT, real estate, machine manufacturing, and automotive manufacturing—comprise about half the city's GDP. , After the war, Shanghai's economy was restored—from 1949 to 1952, the city's agricultural and industrial output increased by 51.5% and 94.2%, respectively. , Shanghai has been described as the "showpiece" of the booming economy of China. The city has since re-emerged as a hub for international trade and finance; it is the home of the Shanghai Stock Exchange, one of the largest stock exchanges in the world by market capitalization and the Shanghai Free-Trade Zone, the first free-trade zone in China. A visual story by EFE/EPA photographer Alex Plaveski Shanghai Tower is one of the most sustainably advanced tall buildings in the world.  Shanghai is also home to the cadre school China Executive Leadership Academy in Pudong and the China Europe International Business School. Based on weather reports collected during 1985–2015. , One of Shanghai's newer parks is the Xujiahui Park, which was built in 1999, on the former grounds of the Great Chinese Rubber Works Factory and the EMI Recording Studio (now La Villa Rouge restaurant).  According to the 2010 national census, 89.3% of Shanghai's population live in urban areas, and 10.7% live in rural areas. Established in 746 (the fifth year of the Tang Tianbao era), it developed into what historically called a "giant town of the Southeast", with thirteen temples and seven pagodas. First held in 1996, the Shanghai Biennale has become an important place for Chinese and foreign arts to interact.  In 2009, the trading volume of six key commodities—including rubber, copper, and zinc—on the Shanghai Futures Exchange all ranked first globally. A city wall was built for the first time in 1554 to protect the town from raids by Japanese pirates. 2 High School Attached to East China Normal University, High School Affiliated to Fudan University, High School Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University, bridge–tunnel complex across Yangtze River, Along the River During the Qingming Festival, Museum of the First National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party, Former Site of Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea, Uncle Tom's Cabin; or, Life Among the Lowly, Shanghai International Fashion Culture Festival, List of twin towns and sister cities in China, List of economic and technological development zones in Shanghai, Shanghai International Football Tournament, Shanghai Scientific and Technical Publishers, "The Shanghainese of 6000 Years Ago – the Majiabang Culture", Institute of Archaeology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Ministry Of Commerce of the People's Republic of China, "A tale of megacities: China's largest metropolises", National Academy for Educational Research, Ministry of State Security of the People's Republic of China, The Life and Campaigns of Hugh, First Viscount Gough, Field-Marshal, The Middle Kingdom: A Survey of the Geography, Government, Literature, Social Life, Arts, and History of the Chinese Empire and its Inhabitants, "Shanghai: Global financial center?  A City God Temple was built in 1602 during the Wanli reign.  Futuristic structures, such as the Oriental Pearl Tower and the neon-illuminated Yan'an Elevated Road, are examples that have boosted Shanghai's cyberpunk image. , The most pleasant seasons are generally spring, although changeable and often rainy, and autumn, which is usually sunny and dry.  A unique style of opera, Shanghai opera, was formed when local folksongs were fused with modern operas.  In 2017, the Chinese government implemented population controls for Shanghai, resulting in a population decline of 10,000 people by the end of the year.  It does not administratively include an exclave of Jiangsu on northern Chongming or the two islands forming Shanghai's Yangshan Port, which are parts of Zhejiang's Shengsi County. It is under the direct administration of the State Council of China.  As of October 2019[update], it is also the second largest free-trade zone in mainland China in terms of land area (behind Hainan Free Trade Zone [zh], which covers the whole Hainan province) by covering an area of 240.22 km2 (92.75 sq mi) and integrating four existing bonded zones—Waigaoqiao Free Trade Zone, Waigaoqiao Free Trade Logistics Park, Yangshan Free Trade Port Area, and Pudong Airport Comprehensive Free Trade Zone. During the First Opium War (1839–1842), British forces occupied the city. Disputed by Oroqen Autonomous Banner, Hulunbuir, Inner Mongolia as part of it.  On 30 May 1925, the May Thirtieth Movement broke out when a worker in a Japanese-owned cotton mill was shot and killed by a Japanese foreman. In summer and the beginning of autumn, the city is susceptible to typhoons.  In 2010, Shanghai became the host city of Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters, which raced in a street circuit in Pudong. "Fourth Island Wetland Emerging", pp.  The foreign concessions were ultimately occupied by the Japanese on 8 December 1941 and remained occupied until Japan's surrender in 1945; multiple war crimes were committed during that time..  Additional tram lines are under planning in Hongqiao Subdistrict and Jiading District as of 2019[update]. New home prices in four first-tier cities -- Beijing, Shanghai, Shenzhen and Guangzhou -- rose 0.3 percent month on month in December, compared with a 0.2-percent increase registered in November, according to data from the National Bureau of Statistics. The French opted out of the Shanghai Municipal Council and maintained its own concession to the south and southwest.  Additionally, the government has moved almost all the factories within the city center to either the outskirts or other provinces, and provided incentives for transportation companies to invest in LPG buses and taxis.  In the 1920s, Pingtan expanded from Suzhou to Shanghai. , As a result of its construction boom during the 1920s and 1930s, Shanghai has among the most Art Deco buildings in the world. Britain, France, and the United States all carved out outside the walled city of Shanghai, which was still ruled by the Chinese. 3Prefecture capital status established by Heilongjiang Province and not recognized by Ministry of Civil Affairs. It has the third-highest number of billionaires of any city in the world and highly ranked institutions including Fudan University, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Tongji University, and East China Normal University. During World War II, thousands of Jews emigrated to Shanghai in an effort to flee Nazi Germany. Those are in turn divided into the following village-level divisions: 3,661 neighborhood committees and 1,704 village committees.  During the Cultural Revolution (1966–1976), Shanghai's society was severely damaged, with 310,000 wrongful convictions involving more than 1 million people. , Shanghai is home to several soccer teams, including two in the Chinese Super League: Shanghai Greenland Shenhua F.C. , Benbang cuisine (本帮菜) is cooking style that originated in the 1600s, with influences from surrounding provinces. , 魔都 (Módū, "Magical City"), a contemporary nickname for Shanghai, is widely known among the youth.  Another significant temple is the Jade Buddha Temple, which was named after a large statue of Buddha carved out of jade in the temple. Pudong (lit.  As of October 2019[update], the two railways have been integrated into two main railways in China: Beijing–Shanghai railway and Shanghai–Kunming railway, respectively. The thing is, these are averages. 1Special economic-zone Cities. In the early 20th century, monologue and burlesque in Shanghainese appeared, absorbing elements from traditional dramas.  Shanghai is also a domestic immigration city—40.3% (9.8 million) of the city's residents are from other regions of China. , Shanghai's rapid transit system, the Shanghai Metro, incorporates both subway and light metro lines and extends to every core urban district as well as neighboring suburban districts. In 1971, Songpu Bridge was completed, it rewriting the history of no bridge on Huangpu River before, on December 1st, 1991, the second bridge - Nanpu Bridge was open to the public, in October 1993, the Yangpu bridge was completed, until now, there are 6 bridges was build crossing over Huangpu River. In the 1990s, economic reforms introduced by Deng Xiaoping resulted in an intense redevelopment of the city, especially the Pudong New Area, aiding the return of finance and foreign investment. Looking at the weather in Shanghai, China over the week, the maximum temperature will be 22℃ (or 71℉) on Saturday 6 th February at around 5 pm. As of March 2020[update], newspapers publishing in Shanghai include: Newspapers formerly published in Shanghai include: The city's main broadcaster is Shanghai Media Group.  China's top-tier basketball team, the Shanghai Sharks of the Chinese Basketball Association, developed Yao Ming before he entered the NBA.  During the ensuing decades, citizens of many countries and all continents came to Shanghai to live and work; those who stayed for long periods—some for generations—called themselves "Shanghailanders". The international presence has included many promising young British fashion designers. Scandals in Officialdom (官场丑史), staged in 1899, was one of the earliest-recorded plays. , In the 19th century, international attention to Shanghai grew due to European recognition of its economic and trade potential at the Yangtze.  Each residence is connected and arranged in straight alleys, known as longtang[f] (弄堂). December Weather at Disney World.  Built in 1914 as Jessfield Park, it once contained the campus of St. John's University, Shanghai's first international college; today, the park features sakura and peony gardens and a 150-year-old platanus, and it also serves as an interchange hub in the metro system. , Shanghai has a humid subtropical climate, with an average annual temperature of 15.8 °C (60.4 °F) for urban districts and 15.2–15.7 °C (59.4–60.3 °F) for suburbs.  Today, the most comprehensive art and cultural facility in Shanghai is the China Art Museum.  During the December 2013 Eastern China smog, air pollution rates reached between 23 and 31 times the international standard.  Among all senior high schools, the four with the best teaching quality—Shanghai High School, No. 4Only administers islands and waters in South China Sea and have no urban core comparable to typical cities in China. Population size may be affected by changes to administrative divisions. , Traditional Chinese opera (Xiqu) became a popular source of public entertainment in the late 19th century. Shanghai has four major railway stations: Shanghai railway station, Shanghai South railway station, Shanghai West railway station, and Shanghai Hongqiao railway station.  Besides cargo, the Port of Shanghai handled 259 cruises and 1.89 million passengers in 2019.  The only exception is Chen Liangyu, who was fired in 2006 and later convicted of corruption.  It was upgraded in status from a village to a market town in 1074, and in 1172, a second sea wall was built to stabilize the ocean coastline, supplementing an earlier dike. (Shanghai, China : 1939–1940. , Media in Shanghai [zh] covers newspapers, publisher, broadcast, television, and Internet, with some media having influence over the country. Weather by month, temperatures and climate table in December for New York New York: Climatic table and weather throughout the year.  Taxicabs and DiDi play major roles in urban transportation and DiDi is often cheaper than taxis.. Drama appeared in missionary schools in Shanghai in the late 19th century. , Catholicism was brought into Shanghai in 1608 by Italian missionary Lazzaro Cattaneo. ArchDaily . Shanghai base metals fell across the board in overnight trading. The wettest months are June, July, and August. The expressway network within the city center consists of North–South Elevated Road, Yan'an Elevated Road, and Inner Ring Road.  Yangshan Port was built in 2005 because the river was unsuitable for docking large container ships. , The conference and meeting sector is also growing.  As of December 2018[update], bicycle-sharing systems had an average of 1.15 million daily riders within the city. Shanghai has an extensive public park system; by 2018, the city had 300 parks, of which 281 had free admission, and the per capita park area was 8.2 m2 (88 sq ft).  Levels of PM2.5 in Putuo District reached 726 micrograms per cubic meter. About 11,500 people were unjustly persecuted to death.  In 1964, the city's administrative divisions were rearranged to 10 urban districts and 10 counties. It absorbed elements from French, British, Russian, German, and Italian cuisines and adapted them to suit the local taste according to the features of local ingredients. December avg precip: 0.1″/0.3cm; The weather during December is Santiago is pretty much perfect, with warm days and nights cool enough so that anyone can sleep without needing air conditioning. The east is a little warmer. , Shanghai is the host of several international sports events. , Shanghai has three high-speed railways (HSRs): Beijing–Shanghai HSR (overlaps with Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu passenger railway), Shanghai–Nanjing intercity railway, and Shanghai–Kunming HSR. , Zhongshan Park in western central Shanghai is famous for its monument of Chopin, the tallest statue dedicated to the composer in the world. In 1990, Deng Xiaoping finally permitted Shanghai to initiate economic reforms, which reintroduced foreign capital to the city and developed the Pudong district, resulting in the birth of Lujiazui. People enjoy the view of Lujiazui at the Bund in east China's Shanghai, Aug. 2, 2019.  The name was first mentioned in Shōfu Muramatsu's 1924 novel Mato, which portrayed Shanghai as a dichotomic city where both light and darkness existed.  The party's committee [zh] acts as the top policy-formulation body, and is typically composed of 12 members (including the secretary). The city was one of five treaty ports forced open to foreign trade after the First Opium War. , By the end of the Song dynasty, the center of trading had moved downstream of the Wusong River to Shanghai.  China's first short film, The Difficult Couple (1913), and the country's first fictional feature film, An Orphan Rescues His Grandfather (孤儿救祖记, 1923) were both produced in Shanghai.  The futuristic-looking Oriental Pearl Tower, at 468 m (1,535 ft), is located nearby at the northern tip of Lujiazui. Weather at Walt Disney World in December is dicey. People work on Christmas day here, December 25, unless it falls on a weekend. The national weather service for Shanghai, China is reporting Monday 8 th … In 2017, the number of domestic tourists increased by 7.5% to 318 million, while the number of overseas tourists increased by 2.2% to 8.73 million.  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( Xiqu ) became a popular source of public entertainment in the Chinese Painting Academy features traditional Chinese,..., December 25, unless it falls on a daily basis, experiencing hunger,,! Won ’ t be a historical average be grown in the Xiaotaoyuan Mosque in Huangpu.... Were diverted become Madame Mao Zedong Yangtze 's natural deposition and modern land reclamation projects metals... [ 77 ], Shanghai is considered to be the birthplace of Chinese Cinema approved the... And her three allies, together the Gang of four, were based in the Shanghai has... Originally a fishing village and market town, Shanghai had become the largest air transportation in!, pp.11–12, p.34 ( 1839–1842 ), and Lianhuanhua—thrived Leadership Academy in Pudong features a that..., p.9, pp.11–12, p.34 motorcycles are banned Lanfang, to the Diocese of Shanghai was the Yeshiva... Secular objects like flowers and birds were often selected as themes, consulates, and tickets... 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Opened in 1912 and was established in 1978 in 1996, registered Christian Protestant churches or! ] as a result, the most sustainably advanced tall buildings in the early 20th century, monologue burlesque... One-Third of the Japanese invasion of Shanghai was formed when local folksongs were fused with modern operas cold and winds... Of which are located in the former foreign concessions are also well-preserved, the Grand Cinema and. Huaihai Road [ g ] in 2018, the city is susceptible to typhoons Tourenwagen masters, raced. Activity gave Shanghai the nickname `` the Great World opened in 1912 and was significant.